Image from page 42 of “The museum of natural history, with introductory essay on the natural history of the primeval world : being a popular account of the structure, habits, and classification of the various departments of the animal kingdom, quadrupeds,
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Title: The museum of natural history, with introductory essay on the natural history of the primeval world : being a popular account of the structure, habits, and classification of the various departments of the animal kingdom, quadrupeds, birds, reptiles, fishes, shells, and insects, including the insects destructive to agriculture
Year: 1869 (1860s)
Authors: Richardson, John, Sir, 1787-1865 Dallas, W. S. (William Sweetland), 1824-1890 Cobbold, T. Spencer (Thomas Spencer), 1828-1886 Baird, William, 1803-1872 White, Adam, 1817-1879 Kellogg, Remington, 1892-1969, former owner. DSI Library of Congress, former owner. DSI
Publisher: London Glasgow Edinburgh : William MacKenzie
Contributing Library: Smithsonian Libraries
Digitizing Sponsor: Smithsonian Libraries
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on contiinies in our owu time through thenever-ceasing labours of the corallines, whose opera-lions, as shown in the atolh of the Pacific, may bedestined one day to create a new continent. We pass now to the sub-period known as the MiddleOolitic. Then first appeared on the fluent earth cer-tain new types of hemipterous insects, and the Beeswandered from flower to flower in quest of honied trea-sures. Then, too, among the Lepidoplcra, came thebright glancing wings of the Butterflies, and among theNeuroptera, the sparkling Dragon-flies shot throughthe warm air like sparks of light. The Pterodactylestill perched on its leafy bouglis; in the ocean-watersroamed the voracious Tchthyosaurus and Plesiosanrus;on the marshy shore wallowed the huge Megalosaurus;the gigantic Chelonia haunted the river banks, and thewoods and plains were tenanted by Tguanodons, Am-phitheria, and Phascolotheria. At this epoch, moreover, flourished a reptile alliedto the marvellous and apparently anomalous Pterodac-
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Ramplioryncluis restored. One quarter natural size. tyle. This was the RampJiorhynchus, distinguishedfrom the latter by its long tail. In size it resembledthe e.Nisting crow. Its powers of flight, however, werevery limited; it did not really fly, but making use ofthe natural parachute formed by the membrane whichcoiuiected its fingers with its body, it flung itself froma height upon its prey. Of another family of reptiles, abundant in the MiddleOolite, we had a glimpse in the earlier age of the GreatOolite, the Tdcosaurtis, which a German writer has de-scribed as the great baron of the kingdom of Neptune,armed to the teeth, and clothed in an impenetrablepanoply; the true pirate or freebooter of the primevalseas. In its anatomical structure it bore a close resem-blance to the existing Gavial, or Gangetic crocodile,but certain modifications peculiarly adapted it for amarine life. Both surfaces of the vertebriB were slightlyconcave. Its hind legs were singularly large and strong,the ante
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